U.S. Constitution: Article One, Section 8, 8th clause:
"A Power of Congress: To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries"
U.S. Copyright Act: Title 17 of the U.S. Code:
Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works: http://www.law.cornell.edu/treaties/berne/overview.html
The full text of CONTU, which determined how the Copyright Act of 1976 should address computers and copy machines.
This is the text of the TEACH Act:
University of California Community: UC Copyright
The site presents University of California and its specific campus policies on copyright issues. But it focuses most of its attention on benefits and responsibilities under the TEACH Act, including those for the institution and those for instructors.
Libraries: Copyright and Fair Use
The site is a comprehensive overview of copyright and fair use issues. It discusses the public domain, releases, and various kinds of permissions including educational and web site permissions. It has special sections on resources for librarians and on new issues and legislation.
U.S. Copyright Office: Copyright and Fair Use
The site covers sections 106 and 107 of the U.S. Copyright Act, which cover the reproduction of copyrighted materials according to fair use. It discusses the four standards of fair use: the purpose and character of the use; the nature of the copyrighted work; the amount and substantiality of the portion used; and the effect of the use on the potential market for the work.
University of Texas: Crash Course in Copyright
The site starts by discussing fair use separately and then applies it to multimedia presentations, the digital library, and licensing resources. It answers the question, Who owns what? And then it allows visitors to work their way through the crash course on copyright.
A thorough description of the various areas of intellectual property: http://www.bitlaw.com/.
A bibliography of Web sites relating to intellectual property law: http://www.hg.org/intell.html.
Official U.S. Copyright website: www.copyright.gov
Copyright Clearance Center: Copyright.com
The site offers to assist the visitor to register a copyright. It has information on using millions of written resources for business, academic, and service provider purposes. It will assist both authors and publishers to license works internationally.
The site deals with copyright registration and discusses the different kinds of contentious issues in visual and audio resources. It has a section on copyright involving software and the Internet. And it provides up to date information on copyright law.
University of St. Francis: A Visit to Copyright Bay
Using the image of a bay with an inlet, wharf, cove, reef, murky waters, etc., the site explores applications of "fair use" in single copying, multiple copies, multimedia, audio-visuals, and distance education. It distinguishes safe areas from danger zones.
Keyt Law: The Sony Bono Term Extension Act
Signed into law on October 27, 1998, the act amends the copyright laws by extending the duration of copyright protection. In general, copyright terms were extended for an additional 20 years.
The Digital Millenium Copyright Act of 1998
The act deals with the World Intellectual Property Organization treaties, Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation, Computer Maintenance Competition Assurance, miscellaneous provisions, Vessel Hull Design Protection.
United States Copyright Office: Copyright
The site explains all the basics of copyright. It has sections on publications, licensing, and registering works. It discusses copyright law and policy with sections focusing on Federal Register Notices, regulations, and current legislation.
What is Copyright Protection? by a private attorney
The site is based on the Berne Union for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property (Berne Convention), which may differ with the copyright laws of particular countries but not less stringently. It covers the definition of copyright, how to establish it, and the concept of fair use. It also discusses copyright on the Internet, the public domain, and international copyright.
Legal Protection of Digital Information by Lee A. Hollaar
The site deals with the history of copyright law, which began with the printing press. In England the "Stationers Company" controlled copyright until 1692. The author follows different stages in the history of American copyright law up to the Copyright Act of 1976 and beyond.
University of Hawai'i at Manoa Libraries: Copyrighted Materials
The site first explains what kinds of works are not covered by the copyright laws. It then explains what is meant by the public domain with an emphasis on how much time must have gone by. The site also has links to the TEACH Act and to U.S. Copyright law.
Yale University Library Web: Copyright Resources Online
The site first discusses "When Works Pass into the Public Domain." It then provides exhaustive lists of the copyright resources of most major universities as well as intellectual property resources that are not university-related.
Please note the following disclaimer: This website should not be construed as a substitute for legal advice, nor does it guarantee complete accuracy or comprehensiveness on the subject of copyright. Please consult an attorney for specific situations.